10 Forgotten Women Freedom Fighters of India.
15 August, Independence Day is annually celebrated as a national holiday in India. India’s struggle for freedom is entirely incomplete; the contribution of the women can’t be neglected who participated in it. Mom toddlers explore the lives, challenges and achievements of women who got us where we all are today. Great Salute to all of them.
Who are the female freedom fighters?
Let us regard, some of our country’s greatest women freedom fighters, who have fought with fearlessness, intellect and bravery for our motherland’s independence.
Sucheta Kriplani is the first woman freedom fighter of India and India’s first woman Chief Minister, served as the head of the Uttar Pradesh government from 1963 to 1967. She came to the forefront during the “Quit India Movement”. During the partition riots, she worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi wrote on –
“A person of rare courage and character who brought credit to Indian womanhood”
She sang Vande Mataram at the Constituent Assembly on 15th August 1947. She was born into a Bengali Brahmo family at Ambala, Punjab. Her father, Surendranath Majumdar, worked as a medical officer, a job requiring numerous transfer.
As a result, she attended a variety of colleges, and her final degree is from St. Stephen ‘s College, Delhi, a Master’s in History. She was involved with politics since independence. She contested from New Delhi on a KMPP ticket for the first Lok Sabha elections in 1952.
She had joined the short-lived party that her husband had established the year before. She defeated Manmohini Sahgal the nominee for Congress. She was re-elected from the same district five years later but this time as candidate for Congress.
Born in the small village of Hogla, near Tamluk in 1869, she did not receive formal education because she was the daughter of a poor peasant. Matangini Hazra was known as Gandhi Buri. She was a part of the Quit India Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement.
She managed to lead with the Indian flag during one procession, even after she was shot three times. She kept shouting “Vande Mataram.” In Kolkata, in Independent India, the first statue of a woman was erected and that was Hazra’s in 1977.
Kanaklata Barua was born as the daughter of Krishna Kanta and Karneshwari Barua, in the Borangabari village of Assam ‘s undivided Darrang district. Her grandfather Ghana Kanta Barua was a famous Darrang hunter. Her mother died when she was only five and her remarried father died when she reached thirteen. She went to school grade third, but then dropped out to look after her younger siblings.
She was an Assam Indian freedom fighter. In 1942 at Barangabari she took a leading part in the Quit India Movement and stood at the head of the line of women volunteers with the National Flag in her side. By shouting the slogans “British imperialists go back” . She planned to hoist the flag at the British controlled Gohpur Police Station but was prohibited by the British.
British police shot her with several other picketers and she lost her life for the country at the age of 18.
Aruna Asaf Ali
She is popularly regarded as the Independence Movement’s ‘The Grand Old Lady.’ She was an Indian Independence activist and a freedom fighter best known for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag during the Quit India Movement at Gowalia Tank Maidan in Bombay. She also participated and was imprisoned in the Salt Satyagraha drive, as well as in other protest marches. An arrest warrant was issued in her name but, she went underground to escape the arrest and started an underground movement. Her belongings were seized and sold. Meanwhile she and Ram Manohar Lohia both edited Inquilab, a monthly Congress Party magazine.
Bhikaiji Cama was born in Bombay ( now Mumbai) in a large, well-to do Parsi family.Her parents, Sorabji Framji Patel and Jaijibai Sorabji Patel, were well-known in the area, where her father Sorabji was an influential member of the Parsi community, a lawyer by training and a merchant by profession. She was invited to hoist the flag over Germany’s parliament
Tara Rani Srivastava was born near the town of Patna, in Saran.Early, she married Phulendu Babu. Tara Rani galvanized women from and around her village to join protest marches against the British Raj against public initiatives that could have led to a rise in gender inequality.
In 1942 they joined Gandhi Ji’s Quit India Movement, controlled protests and plotted to lift the Indian flag on Siwan Police Station ‘s roof. They managed to bring a crowd together and began their march to the Siwan Police Station, shouting ‘Inquilab.’ The officers were opening fire as they marched toward them.
Phulendu was struck and plunged to the ground. Undeterred, with the aid of her sari, Tara bandaged him and proceeded to lead the crowd into the station, shouting ‘Inquilab’ while carrying the Indian flag. As Tara returned, her husband died but she continued to support the fight for independence.
No one knows her by her name but as Ram Prasad Bismil ‘s mother she played an important role in the fight for independence. Ram Prasad was a revolutionary who was involved in the famous 1918 Mainpuri Conspiracy case and the 1925 Kakori Conspiracy. He was arrested and hanged in Gorakhpur Jail on 19 Dec 1927.
Moolmati was a simple woman who supported her son in his fight for freedom and helped him. She also went to Gorakhpur prison to see her son before he hanged. Ram Prasad broke down at seeing his unmoved mother. She was firm in her reply and told him she was proud to have such a son as him.
She lifted the hand of her other son after his death in a speech at a public meeting, and gave him to the Independence movement. Absent her unceasing encouragement and belief in the fight for independence, Ram Prasad Bismil would not have had the courage to follow the direction he had chosen.
Lakshmi Sahgal was Captain Lakshmi, an ex-officer in the Indian Army. She picked up a Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose- founded Indian National Army (INA) Weapon and led it as a tigress in the fight for independenceShe was responsible for forming and leading the Jhansi Regiment Rani that included women soldiers. She had also completed a term in a Burma jail before joining INA for her role in World War II.
In March 1947 Sahgal married Prem Kumar Sahgal at Lahore. They settled in Kanpur after their marriage, where she continued her medical practice and supported the refugees who came in large numbers after the Indian partition. We had two daughters: Anisa Puri and Subhashini Ali.
Subhashini is a famous political Communist and labor activist. Sahgal had been an atheist according to Ali. Film performer Shaad Ali is her grandson.
Sahgal suffered a heart arrest on 19 July 2012, and died at 11:20 a.m. on 23 July 2012. At Kanpur, at age 97. Her body was donated to medical research college Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial
In 1998 Indian president K. R. Narayanan awarded Sahgal the Padma Vibhushan award.
Kamaladevi was born in Mangaluru on 3 April 1903 and was her parents’ fourth and youngest daughter.Her father, Ananthayya Dhareshwar, was the Mangalore District Collector, and her mother, Girijabai, from whom she inherited an independent streak, belonged to a coastal Karnataka land-owned Chitrapur Saraswat brahmana family. She got married in 1917 at the age of 14, but was widowed two years later.
Her first task was to create the Indian Cooperative Union to help with rehabilitation, and she made plans on cooperative lines for a township through the Union. Lastly, Jawahar Lal Nehru reluctantly gave her permission on the condition that she did not ask for state help, and so, after much struggle, the town of Faridabad was built in the outskirts of Delhi, rehabilitating more than 50,000 Northwest Frontiers Refugees.
She worked hard to help the refugees develop new homes and professions;they were educated in new skills for this. She has also helped develop health facilities in the new town.
The Government of India conferred on her the Padma Bhushan in 1955, and the Padma Vibhushan in 1987, which are among the most revered civilian awards of the Republic of India
Kittur Rani Chennamma
Kittur Chennamma was a rani (queen) of Kittur Kingdom Nayakas ruled Mallarudra sarja, who were Mysore Maharaja vassals. She is a widely remembered independence fighter who led an armed force in defiance of the lapse policy against the British East India Company in 1824 to regain power of her territory, but was defeated in the Third War and died in a prison.
Kittur Rani Chennamma was born in Kakati, a small village in present-day Belagavi district of Karnataka, India, on 23 October 1778. She belonged to the culture of Lingayat and from a young age received instruction in horse riding, sword combat, and archery.
At the age of 14, she married Raja Mallasarja from the Desai estate.
Mom toddlers salutes all these women for their devotion and bravery.